When visiting a new country, especially one as culturally diverse as Vietnam, it is important to familiarize yourself with the animal life in the region. This article was written to provide you with some understanding of what to expect and how to stay safe from potentially dangerous animals.
This article will cover the following topics: Dangerous Animals in Vietnam, How to avoid being bitten by a snake, scorpion, or other animals, What to do if you’re attacked by an animal, and more.
Table of Contents
What Are The Most Dangerous Animals In Vietnam?
With a variety of creatures from snakes, spiders to lizards and insects, you never know what’s going to come flying out at you. So here are our top 12 dangerous animals in Vietnam for travelers to watch out for!
Places Found: Open bodies of water
Injury Type: bitten you could become infected
Treatment: Anti-malaria medication
The most dangerous animal in Vietnam is the mosquito. They carry a number of diseases that can be deadly and deadlier if contracted in Vietnam. Some mosquitoes are considered carriers of deadly diseases while others are just carriers of minor ones such as Dengue fever and Malaria. It’s best to wear clothes and use repellent to keep them away from you at all times.
2. Yellow Sac Spider:
Places Found: Forests, undergrowth,logs
Injury Type: Venomous bite
Treatment: Local wound care, antivenom, anti-inflammatories
The venom of the Yellow Sac spider is extremely strong and will cause intense pain. Its symptoms are like a red rash that spreads out from where the bite was, with fever. The victim can experience vomiting and headaches. The bite of this spider may result in death if not treated quickly.
3. Many-banded krait:
Places Found: Forests and mangrove vegetation
Injury Type: bite
Treatment: Polyvalent anti-venom serum
The snake is known by many other names however its scientific name of Bungarus multiscutatus.
Its most dangerous feature besides its fangs is the neurotoxins in its venom. These toxins have caused deaths from just a single bite and there are many cases where death has occurred within 20 minutes after being bitten.
The snake is very aggressive when confronted by humans, often attacking without provocation or threat. Now that you know this information about this animal, I hope you can avoid these animals if possible.
Places Found: Caves, cities, and forests
Injury Type: Bite
Treatment: Wound treatment and anti-viral treatments
There are more than 100 different species of bats found in Vietnam and several of them pose a danger to humans because they are carriers of dangerous diseases. The larger species of bats especially fruit bats are a danger as they have been known to carry Nipah and Hendra viruses which can cause death in humans.
Bats also get caught up in the nets placed over fish ponds at night, so avoid walking through these areas at night.
5. Saltwater crocodile
Places Found: South Vietnam
Injury Type: death roll, bite
Treatment: wound care and in the hospital
The saltwater crocodile is the third-largest living reptile after the Nile crocodile and estuarine. Though it has been known to hunt both on land and in water, it spends most of its time lying in wait for prey beside rivers or swamps.
It blends into its surroundings very well with a similar coloration to the muddy riverbanks which allows it to stalk its victims without being noticed. Because of this, people have been warned against leaving open any areas where they can hide such as animal cages, ditches, and drains.
6. Russell’s viper:
Places Found: grassy or bushy areas
Injury Type: bite
Treatment: anti-venom serum
This viper is considered the most dangerous snake in Vietnam. It belongs to the family of Viperidae, and averages from 40-50 centimeters in length.
“Daboia russelii” is an Indian cobra that can be found in India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Nepal, Andaman islands and Vietnam. The venom of this snake causes haemorrhaging and fluid accumulation around the lungs which eventually leads to suffocation.
It has a heavy body with dark brown irregular markings on its back that extend down its tail (except for one spot). This species does not have any big teeth or long fangs like other venomous snakes.
The “Daboia russeli”, unlike others, includes venoms causing post-synaptic neurotoxic effects which affect the nerve cells. This snake mainly preys on lizards, frogs, and other small animals like rats but there have been cases where humans have also fallen prey to this viper.
This large snake is not dangerous in general unless provoked or threatened.
The bite from a Daboia russeli is very painful and there appear symptoms like paralysis, convulsions, and bleeding at the site of the wound within thirty minutes after being bitten by one. The presence of fang marks identifies that it is an Indian cobra’s venom causing this reaction.
Instant treatment with anti-venom serum should be given as soon as possible to save the patient from death caused by its venomous.
7. Gaur (Asian bison):
Places Found: evergreen forest
Injury Type: charge
Treatment: wound care
The gaur is a tall muscular ox-like animal that can reach up to 2 meters in height and weigh over 1,000 kilograms.
Gaur is considered a very dangerous animal as they run extremely fast and their horns which are used for protection from tigers have the ability to cause immense damage.
However, it has been stated that the gaur does not attack human beings often making them lower down the list of dangerous animals found in Vietnam.
8. Weaver ants:
Places Found: in the forest
Injury Type: bit
Treatment: wound care
natively found in South America and the Caribbean are known to be one of the most dangerous animals in Vietnam.
They are considered as one of the most dangerous animals because they can attack and bite humans when feeling threatened by them. They also have powerful jaws that make their bites painful.
Another interesting fact is that these ants live underground which makes it difficult for people to find them unless they come out on the ground surface. Weaver ants build their nests underground and are dangerous especially when they compete for food. Their bit can cause pain, swelling, discoloration, itching, headaches, and allergic reactions to those who are bitten by them.
The good thing about these insects is that they do not pose any lethal threats to humans but their bites still hurt due to the power of their jaws.
9. White-lipped pit viper
Places Found: forest
Injury Type: bite
Pit viper is relative to the white-lipped pit viper, a snake species that is one of the most dangerous kinds in Vietnam.
The name “pit viper” comes from the snake’s ability to locate its prey by detecting heat emitted by it, as opposed to the sense of smell used by other snakes. These snakes are also able to disperse their heat effectively, enabling them to hide in the undergrowth and ambush prey. The venom of pit vipers is highly toxic.
10. Malayan pit viper:
Places Found: the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia
Injury Type: bite
This attractive snake is one of the most commonly seen snakes in northern Vietnam.
This brightly colored pit viper can be found throughout the country and across mainland Southeast Asia from Thailand to Indonesia.
The Malayan pit viper is a venomous species of snake with a broad, triangular-shaped head and thin body that grows up to 1.8 m (6 ft) long, although larger specimens have been reported.
Its coloration varies geographically: both adults and juveniles are typically reddish-brown or ashy grayish brown, with an interchanging checkerboard pattern on its back and sides.
How to avoid being bitten by a snake, spiders, or other animals
When you are traveling to Vietnam, there is a lot of wildlife that you can see. This country has more than 500 different species of mammals and 300 types of reptiles! In this article, I am going to give some tips on how not only to enjoy your trip but also avoid any accidents with the animals in the area by following these simple rules.
- Make sure to wear clothes that cover your skin and long sleeves because sometimes you can get bitten by a spider without seeing it.
- If you are walking in the mountains, do not walk barefoot because there could be many poisonous animals or snakes that could attack your feet. If you have to cross between tall grasses, make sure that you use some kind of footwear on your feet, like shoes or sandals. You will prevent many potential accidents that way!
- Get information about the area where you will go and look for trails suitable for your level of experience (in case of adventure trips). The forest is full of different kinds of plants so if they are too close together, it’s easy to get lost! In case of emergency or if you hear any noise coming from the woods, leave immediately and find a safe place to hide. Do not move while you are in the woods because it makes you very vulnerable and easier for animals to spot you!
- Make sure to check your shoes before putting them back on. This is the most common way for many people to get bitten by a poisonous snake on their trip to Vietnam.
- If you are camping in the jungle, try not to use any bright colors.
- As you can see, there are many things that you can do to avoid getting hurt by snakes and other animals while traveling in this amazing country. Stay smart and safe!
- It’s best not to walk barefoot or go for hikes in the wild.
- Stay away from trees, bushes, tall grasses, logs, and other places where there might be hiding places for animals.
- If you were bitten by some kind of animal, do not try to pull out the tooth or sting that remains in your skin. Instead, cover it with a clean cloth and apply pressure on it so that blood does not flow out too fast. Try to find medical help as soon as possible (following any local advice) but never drink alcohol before getting treatment because it increases the risks of infection! Always remember: no matter how many precautions you take there is always a chance you will encounter some wild animal somewhere on your journey. So if this happens make sure that you know exactly what to do to avoid any danger. Good luck with your trip!
The best ways to protect yourself from wild animals and insects in Vietnam
The best ways to protect yourself from wild animals and insects in Vietnam can be summarized as follows:
1. Bring a small flashlight when you go on walks or hikes in the evening. Flashlights will scare away animals that might come after and cause you problems.
– 2. Do not wear fragrances, perfumes, hairspray, or other scented items while walking through crowded areas like parks and subways because these will attract bugs unnecessarily
– 3. Always carry insect repellent with at least 20 percent DEET for exposed skin as well as clothing while outdoors during peak hours of mosquito activity
– 4. If bitten by any animal stay still (no sudden movements) without provoking it and try not to scream because sudden movements can trigger an instinct in the animal to go for your throat. Instead, keep calm and avoid eye contact then slowly back away while maintaining a non-threatening posture
– 5. In case of emergency or life-threatening situation always seek professional medical attention as soon as possible and try not to panic
6. The best way to prevent attacks from animals is by following all the safety tips above (and many more) but also by avoiding areas where wild animals roam freely like national parks and nature reserves unless you have sought permission from park rangers first
What to do if you're attacked by an animal
When you’re faced with a wild animal, your body’s natural response is fight or flight.
In many situations, there won’t be time to do both. It’s up to you at the moment to decide which will propel you into safety and keep you from injury. When defending yourself against an animal attack try not to panic and make as much noise as possible, Noisemakers can help scare the attacker away if you are not armed with anything else but they should also act as a signal for potential first-responders if needed.
If you have something around that could function as a weapon like pepper spray or an empty water bottle, then use it only if necessary since animals may either attack out of fear (eagles) or to protect their young (males), or to defend territory (jaguars)
If you’re considering a trip to Vietnam and are worried about dangerous animals, then this article is for you. We’ve compiled all the information on Vietnam’s wildlife that we could find in one place so you can plan accordingly.
The most important thing to remember when traveling abroad is to do your research before going somewhere unfamiliar where there may be different customs or dangers than what you’re used to at home. Be safe out there.